Quantum computers work on the principles of quantum mechanics, which give rise to several weird quantum phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement. Quantum mechanics introduces the concept of measurement in the behavior of quantum systems.
Measurements fundamentally change a quantum system by transitioning from the strange, probabilistic world of quantum properties to the more familiar, deterministic behavior we encounter in everyday life.
This transformation is crucial in quantum computing, where quantum bits, or qubits, are manipulated to perform complex calculations.
Exploring the impact of measurements on these qubits is crucial, as it can lead to profoundly different behaviors, even triggering the emergence of entirely novel information phases.