Because of their high energy density and lengthy life cycle, lithium-ion batteries are frequently found in a wide range of electronic gadgets, including electric cars. Like any technology, however, they are not immune to malfunctions.
Thermal runaway is common in these types of batteries and is a situation where the battery overheats, which can lead to a chemical breakdown of the electrolyte and even result in a fire or explosion. This can be caused by overcharging, over-discharging, manufacturing defects, or physical damage to the battery.
Researchers at the University of Maryland who are examining the failure mechanisms of lithium batteries have now created a new technique for lithium-ion battery development that may make it possible for next-generation electric cars (EVs) and other gadgets to store more energy while having fewer battery fires.